The U.S. Department of Agriculture, in 1980, defined organic farming as a strict avoidance of growth regulators, synthetic fertilizers and pesticides. After several revisions, in 2001, a final federal rule was adopted into law which states exactly what products can or cannot e applied to crops in commercial organic farming.
Natural and Beneficial
- Basically, organic farming is completely natural at the very basic level. The means that synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, and growth regulators are strictly avoided, crop rotation is practiced and manure is used as fertilizer, pesticides are organic ash are compost and mulch.
Organic farming strives to provide healthier food crops for people to eat and protect the environment and land at the same time.
- You can have a great vegetable garden using organics. When preparing the garden for planting, dig down to loosen the dirt and remove rocks or weeds in the fall. Mulch to keep weeds away. Use pre-emergent organic pesticide and weed killer at this time. This lets the weed killers and pesticides do their work through the winter and ensures stable soil for spring planting.
Shovel the garden soil two weeks prior to planting any spring crops and shovel again on the day you plant. This creates loose soil sot hat plants ca grow easier.
- Plant your selected vegetable plants in your garden.
- Use well composted matter or tea created from compost to fertilize plants, or use animal manure such as horse, sheep or cow manure if you do not wish to use compost.
- Organic pesticides include a few commercial organic pesticides, liquid dish soap, and pepper juice. Often, home remedies work well as organic pesticides. A very popular pesticide is Neem oil, which is a kind of vegetable oil. Mix 1 tbsp. Neem oil concentrate with one gallon of water. Add 1/2 oz. each of orange oil, rosemary distillate and diatomaceous earth. Mix thoroughly and spray on the plants until well covered.
- Rotate crops every year to avoid depleting the soil of beneficial nutrients. You can use the same garden area if needed but switch around the location of crops in the garden.
- Consider companion planting also. Companion planting is simply the use of two different plants that will help prevent pest infestations. One example is planting geraniums or marigolds in the garden with your vegetables to make pests unwelcome.